An Explanation of Tasawwuf and its Practices

The following article is a translation of a section from the Urdu work, Tasawwuf Kiyā He, by Mawlānā Manzūr Nu’mānī. It comprises of a group of essays written by the author on his observations on Tasawwuf and, in particular, the practices (ashghāl) prescribed by the Sūfī guides (mashāyikh). He offers a strong argument for the need for Tasawwuf and a rationale for the specific practices designed by the scholars of Tasawwuf for spiritual reform. Although the original work comprises of essays by other authors, only those by Mawlānā Manzūr Nu’mānī are presented in this translation. His discussion and analysis is concerned mostly with the practical dimensions of Tasawwuf as they have been observed throughout history amongst its orthodox champions and handed down to its true inheritors in the present time. The other essays (which are not included in this translation) deal with Tasawwuf from its historical and academic/philosophical dimensions also. Continue Reading

Mawlana Thanawi on Wahdat al-Wujud

Mawlāna Ashraf ‘Alī Thānawī on the Meaning of Wahdat al-Wujūd

Some nefarious groups allege that the Akābir ‘ulamā’ of Deoband held the corrupt belief that nothing besides Allāh exists, and they claim that this is the meaning of the concept of “Wahdat al-Wujūd” which the ‘ulamā’ of Deoband supported.

In the following, we quote a passage written by Hazrat Mawlānā Ashraf ‘Alī al-Thānawī (1280 – 1362 H) rahimahullāh, in which he explains what the ‘ulamā’ of Deoband understand from the term, “Wahdat al-Wujūd.” Continue Reading